Every time a patient attends a consultation requiring a restoration, the dentist makes a thorough evaluation of the case. This helps him decide which material would be the best option to do the filling.
When it comes to restorations, dentists got a wide variety of materials specialized from different types of scenarios. However, the two most common filling materials are composite and ceramic.
Nonetheless, figuring out which one could suit you better can be tricky if you don’t know the difference between them.
In this article, we’ll talk about composite, ceramic, and their differences and indications.
Composite is a basic filling material used daily by thousands of dentists.
It is a polymer-based material composed of resin, a coupling agent, an initiator, and an inorganic filler component.
Their proper application depends on the expertise of the dentist. On one side, resins are highly hydrophilic, making them susceptible to wet environments. As a result, the dentist might use a rubber dam to isolate the tooth from the mouth, preventing saliva contamination that could interfere with resin polymerization.
Restorations with composite resins are usually made in short sessions. However, it could take more time, according to the difficulty of the case.
It is essential to note that composites are not self-adhesive. In contrast, they need a bonding material to adhere to the tooth.
Composites are meant to produce aesthetic restorations, and they come in different shades to match every case tooth-specific color.
Lastly, all dental composites are light-cured. They are applied to the tooth as a soft material and then hardened using a LED light.
Ceramics are inorganic and non-metallic materials, being zirconia the most common. They are usually alloys containing different types of materials in low percentage accompanying the main compound.
Ceramics also need to be bonded to the tooth with the aid of a bonding agent. However, unlike composite, ceramics gets hardened and manufactured at high temperatures. Therefore, they need to be crafted outside your mouth over a dental impression or digital scan and then bonded to your tooth.
Their main characteristics are the high aesthetic qualities and their resistance to wear.
Which one is better?
Both materials are great. Furthermore, within contemporary dentistry, these materials are constantly changing and improving.
The difference comes in every case indication. For simple and small to medium-sized restorations, composites are your indicated material. They can be placed in just one quick visit and are capable of achieving excellent aesthetic results.
For cases where the cavity is more extensive, ceramic might be a better option, especially if it involves a cusp. Their resistance allows them to sustain the pressure applied by the jaw without cracking. Moreover, they can be used as veneers material to achieve a more natural and aesthetic result.
Selecting a material for your cavity can be easy if you know how they behave. The dentists at our Doral office are trained to evaluate your case and needs and help you decide what material you need or could be more suitable, restoring your oral health and improving your looks.
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